PND Survey


Glossary

  • Arthralgias - Pain in the joints
  • Azathioprine - A medication that suppresses the immune system
  • Dorsal Root Ganglia - The dorsal root ganglia are groups of cells located close to the spinal cord. These cells transmit information about the different sensations one feels in the arms and legs to the brain.
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells - Hematopoietic stem cells are the cells from which various types of blood cells develop.
  • Interstitial Lung Disease - A disorder that results in progressive scarring of lung tissue that eventually affects the ability to breath and get enough oxygen into the bloodstream.
  • IVIG - IVIG stand for intravenous immunoglobulins or IgG immunoglobulins. IVIG is a solution that containts anti-bodies extracted from the plasma of over a thousand blood donors. Although the mechanism of action of IVIG in treating PND is not fully understood, it is thought that the large number of non-specific antibodies in the IVIG blocks the abnormal antibodies in the patient.
  • Muscle Fiber - One of the structural cells of the muscle
  • Neuromuscular Synapse - The connection between a nerve cell and a muscle, where nerve impulses are transmitted to initiate contraction of the muscle
  • Plasma Exchange - Plasma exchange (also called plasmapheresis) is a procedure used to treat several autoimmune diseases, including PND. The procedure consists of removing blood from the patient and then separating the blood cells from the plasma (which contains the antibodies). The blood cells are then returned to the patient.
  • Sensory Deficits - A neurological problem where there is a decreased ability to perceive various sensations (e.g. touch, vibration, pain, temperature)
  • Synapse - The space between the junction of two nerve cells (neurons)
  • T-cell - T-cells are a type of white blood cell that help the body fight infections and other disease
  • Wald├źnstron’s Macroglobulinemia  - A slow-growing type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma marked by abnormal level of IgM antibodies in the blood andan enlarged liver, spleen or lymph nodes. Also called lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma.

 

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